Polar Bear population is dwindling. But how many polar bears are there and where do they live?
Polar bears inhabit the Arctic circle. The Arctic circle is a circle with its centre on the northernmost point of the globe. From this point is goes outwards to include the northernmost regions of Canada, Russia, Greenland, Alaska, Norway, Sweden and Finland. These areas have a very low human population and so the habitat of the polar bears has remained relatively untouched by humanity. This is until today where the challenges of global warming and pollution are threatening the Arctic and polar bears.
Polar Bear Population
Biologists use a working estimate of 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears worldwide. Among polar bears there are about nineteen generally recognised discrete sub populations. 70% of the polar bear population is present in the north Americas in the areas of Canada, Greenland and Alaska. The range of polar bears include the territories of five nations. These five nations are Denmark (Greenland), Norway (Svalbard), Russia, The United States (Alaska) and Canada. These five nations have signed the international agreement on the conservation of polar bears. This mandates cooperation on research and conservation efforts throughout the polar bears range.
As of 2009 it is said that of the nineteen generally recognised polar bear sub populations. Eight are in decline. Three are stable. One is increasing and seven have insufficient data
The Agreement on the conservation of polar bears prohibits any random, unregulated sports hunting of polar bears and completely outlaws any hunting of polar bears that uses aircraft and icebreakers as these have the biggest negative effect on the polar bear population. The agreement also states that the signers are accountable for taking appropriate actions to protect the ecosystems in which polar bears dwell.
Read more about polar bear populations here
Also check out polar bear endangered